Subproject 1: Datacenter's interaction with the national energy system

Subproject 2: Multifunctional data centers

  • C. Ramos Cáceres, (2019). "Data center and the city: A potential for urban synergies", AESOP 2019 Conference: Book of Papers, Università Iuav di Venezia
  • C: Ramos Cáceres, (2020) "Analysis of urban scale factors for data center waste-heat use: Three case studies in Sweden", PLEA2020

Subproject 3: Quality and credibility when simulating cooling in data centers

Subproject 4: Transient simulations of data center dynamic thermal management arrangements

  • J. Sjölund, M. Vesterlund, N. Delbosc, A. Khan, & J. Summers, (2018). "Validated thermal air management simulations of data centers using remote graphics processing units", IECON-18, Washington DC, USA

Subproject 5: Evaluation of energy recovery solutions for data centers

Subproject 6: Design of distribution networks for energy efficient data center operations

  • K. M. U. Ahmed, J. Sutaria, M. H. J. Bollen & S. K. Rönnberg, (2019). “Electrical Energy Consumption Model of Internal Components in Data Centers”, IEEE PES Innovative smart grid technologies Europe (ISGT), Bucharest, September 2019
  • J. Sutaria, K. M. U. Ahmed, M. H. J. Bollen & S. K. Rönnberg,(2019). “Propagation of Supraharmonics through EMI Filters with Varying Loads”, IEEE Cigré Norpie 2019, Narvik, September 2019
  • K. M. U. Ahmed, M. Alvarez, M. H. J. Bollen, (2020). “Characterizing Failure and Repair Time of Servers in a Hyper-scale Data Center”, 2020 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT-Europe). IEEE, 2020
  • K. M. U. Ahmed, M. Alvarez, M. H. J. Bollen, (2021). “Reliability Analysis of Internal Power Supply Architecture of Data Centers in Terms of Power Losses." Electric Power Systems Research 193 (2021): 107025
  • J. Sutaria, S. K. Rönnberg, M. H. J. Bollen. (2020). “Aggregation of Supraharmonics in Neutral for Three-Phase Four-Wire System”, IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications, 2020
  • J. Sutaria, S. K. Rönnberg (2021). “High frequency interaction of power electronic converters in ac and dc data centers”, CIRED, 2021
  • Sutaria, J., Espín-Delgado, Á. & Rönnberg, S., (2020). ”Summation of Supraharmonics in Neutral for Three-Phase Four-Wire System”, IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications, 1,2020, pp.148-156.
  • Sutaria, J., Espín-Delgado, Á. & Rönnberg, S.,(2021). “Supraharmonics in a three-phase frame”, Electric power Systems Research, 2021
  • J. Sutaria, S. Hajizadeh, S. K. Rönnberg, A. Krook-Riekkola. (2021). “Future impacts on grid: energy flow and power quality”, CIRED, 2021
  • K. M. U. Ahmed, M. Alvarez, M. H. J. Bollen, “A Novel Reliability Index to Assess the Computational Resource Adequacy in Data Centers”, IEEE Access
  • K. M. U. Ahmed, R. A. Oliveira, Math H. J. Bollen, Manuel Alvarez. (2021). “Risk Assessment of Server Outages Due To Voltage Dips In The Internal Power Supply System of A Data Center”, CIRED 2021

Subproject 7: Data centers impact on the electricity market when the amount of renewable
electricity augment

  • M. Alvarez, P. De Oliveira, J. Zhong, ”Financial Incentives for Data Centers in Sweden”

Subproject 8: SimBerry - Flexible and large-scale simulation of interaction between district heating
and remote cooling networks and data centers

  • J. Simonsson, K. Atta, D. Zachariah, & W. Birk, (2019). "Heat load prediction for district heating using a latent variable approach", Proc.22nd Nordic Process Control Workshop, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • G. Schweiger, H. Nilsson, J. P. Schöggl, W. Birk, & A. Posch. (2019). "Modeling and simulation of large-scale Systems: a systematic comparison of modeling paradigms", Applied Mathematics and Computation 365 (1-14)
  • J. Simonsson, K. Atta  & W. Birk. (2020). "Probabilistic Modeling of Thermal Grids using Gaussian Processes", 59th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), IEEE
  • J. Simonsson, K. Atta, G. Schweiger, & W. Birk. (2021). "Experiences from City-Scale Simulation of Thermal Grids", Resources, E-ISSN 2079-9276, Vol. 10, no 2

Subproject 9: Proximity liquid cooling inside data centers for direct heat recovery

  • S. Fredriksson, J. Gustafsson, D. Olsson, J. Sarkinen, A. Beresford, M. Kaufeler, T.B. Minde, & J. Summers. (2019). "Integrated thermal management of a 150kW pilot Open Compute Project style data center", Proceedings of INDIN 2019, Helsinki, Finland

Subproject 10: Automated maintenance of energy-efficient data centers

  • Y. Berezovskaya, A. Mousavi, V. Vyatkin, and X. Zhang. (2018). "Smart distribution of IT load in energy efficient data centers with focus on cooling systems", Proceedings of IEEE IECON, Washington D.C., USA.
  • Y. Berezovskaya, V. Vyatkin, A. Mousavi, X. Zhang, C.-W. Yang. (2019). "A hybrid fault detection and diagnosis method in server rooms’ cooling systems", Proceedings of INDIN, Helsinki, Finland
  • Y. Berezovskaya, C.-W. Yang, A. Mousavi, V. Vyatkin and T. B. Minde, (2020) "Modular Model of a Data Centre as a Tool for Improving Its Energy Efficiency", IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 46559-46573.
  • Berezovskaya, Y., Berezovsky, V., & Undozerova, M. (2019). "Data exchange between JADE and Simulink-model for multi-agent control using NoSQL database Redis", IC4S 2019, Bangkok, Thailand, 2019.
  • Berezovskaya, Y., Berezovsky, V., & Undozerova, M. (2020). "Data Exchange Between JADE and Simulink Model for Multi-agent Control Using NoSQL Database Redis". Computer, Communication and Computational Sciences: Proceedings of IC4S 2019 (pp. 695–705). Springer.
  • Berezovskaya, Y., Yang, C.-W., & Vyatkin, V. (2020). "Towards Multi-Agent Control in Energy-Efficient Data Centres", IECON 2020 The 46th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (pp. 3574–3579). IEEE.

Subproject 11: Resource efficiency in software processes and communication in data clouds
and data centers

  • Jiménez, L. L., & Schelén, O. (2019)." DOCMA: a Decentralized Orchestrator for Containerized Microservice Applications", IEEE Cloud Summit, Washington DC, USA
  • Jiménez, L. L., & Schelén, O. (2019). "The DOCMA architecture and proof-of-Concept", The 3rd IEEE International Conference on Cloud and Fog Computing Technologies and Applications, IEEE Cloud Summit
  • Jiménez, L. L., & Schelén, O. (2020). "HYDRA : Decentralized Location-aware Orchestration of Containerized Applications", IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
  • Jimenez, L. L. (2020). "Decentralized Location-aware Orchestration of Containerized Microservice Applications : Enabling Distributed, Intelligence at the Edge", PhD dissertation, Luleå University of Technology

Subproject 12: Resource efficiency in distributed ledgers and smart contracts

  • A. A. Monrat, O. Schelén, & K. Andersson. (2019). "A Survey of Blockchain From the Perspectives of Applications, Challenges, and Opportunities", IEEE Access 7(1):117134-117151
  • A. A. Monrat, O. Schelén, & K. Andersson. (2020). "Blockchain Mobility Solution for Charging Transactions of Electrical Vehicles." IEEE/ACM 13th International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC), pp. 348-253. IEEE
  • A. A. Monrat, O. Schelén, & K. Andersson. (2020). "Performance Evaluation of Permissioned Blockchain Platforms", 13th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing
  • A. A. Monrat, O. Schelén, & K. Andersson. (2021). "A Taxonomy for Determining the Applicability of Blockchain Technology", ELSEVIER Journal Blockchain: Research and Applications